Creatio ex nihilio and the eternity of the world in Aquinas and Avicenna

Roberto Casales García

Resumen


Contrary to the claim of some contemporary physicists, according to which there is a certain incompatibility between creation and the eternity of the world (hypothesis assumed, for example, in the theory of multiverses), the present paper analyzes Aquinas and Aviccenna’s concept of creation in order to distinguish it from the concept of motion. To achieve this I do two things: first, I distinguish between these two concepts in order to clarify in which sense all creation is ex nihilio; then, I discuss the compatibility between creation and the eternity of the world, particularly in Saint Thomas Aquinas, who claims that eternity does not necessarily imply the rejection of creation.


Referencias


AQUINAS, St. Thomas. Summa Contra Gentiles. Trans. James F. Anderson. In: http://dhspriory.org/thomas/ContraGentiles2.htm#17 (visited the 10 of November of 2011, at 13:30 hrs).

__________________. Suma de Teología I. Trans. José Martorell Capó. Madrid: BAC. 2001.

__________________. Sobre la eternidad del mundo (De aeternitate mundi). Trans. José María Artola, O.P. Madrid: Encuentro. 2002.

___________________. Comentario a las sentencias de Pedro Lombardo, Libro II. Trans. Juan Cruz Cruz. Pamplona: EUNSA. 2005.

AVICENNA. The Metaphysics of the Healing. Trans. Michael E. Marmura. Utah: Brigham Young University Press. 2005.

__________. The Physics of the Healing. Trans. Jon McGinnis. Utah: Brigham Young University Press. 2009.

CARROLL, William E. “Thomas Aquinas on Aristotle, the Eternity of the World, and the Doctrine of Creation”. In: VELÁZQUEZ, Héctor (Comp.). Tomás de Aquino. Comentador de Aristóteles. D.F.: Universidad Panamericana. 2010. Pp. 13-43.

ELDERS, Leo S.V.D. The Metaphysics of Being of St. Thomas Aquinas in a Historical Perspective. Leiden: E.J. Brill. 1993.

_________________. The Philosophy of Nature of St. Thomas Aquinas: Nature, the Universe, Man. Frankfurt: Peter Lang. 1997.

McGINNIS, Jon. Avicenna. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2010.

MARMURA, Michael E. “The Metaphysics of Efficient Causality in Avicenna (Ibn Sina)”. In: MARMURA, Michael E. (ed.). Islamic Theology and Philosophy. Albany: Suny Press. 1984. Pp. 172-187

LOPEZ-FARJEAT, Luis Xavier. “Avicena”. In: FERNÁNDEZ, Francisco; MERCADO, Juan Andrés (eds.). Philosophica: Enciclopedia filosófica on line, URL: http://www.philosophica.info/archivo/2009/voces/avicena/Avicena.html (revised in August 28 of 2011, 01:57 pm).

SARANYANA, Josep-Ignasi. La filosofía medieval. Desde sus orígenes patrísticos hasta la escolástica barroca. Pamplona: EUNSA. 2003.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24310/Metyper.2019.v0i21.5208

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