Beneficios del entrenamiento vibratorio en el sistema neuromuscular de los adultos mayores

MV Palop-Montoro, M Arteaga-Checa, E Lozano-Aguilera, JA Párraga-Montilla

Resumen


Introducción: El entrenamiento vibratorio puede ser una opción de intervención óptima para prevenir la pérdida de masa muscular en adultos mayores. 

Objetivo: Comprobar la efectividad del entrenamiento vibratorio en el sistema neuromuscular de los adultos mayores.

Material y método: Revisión bibliográfica en las bases de datos Medline, CINAHL, WOS y PEDro, mediante la combinación de los descriptores del Medical Subjects Headings referentes a entrenamiento vibratorio, fuerza muscular, masa muscular y personas mayores. 

Resultados: Los estudios localizados sobre el entrenamiento vibratorio en personas mayores se realizaron, bien como única intervención, o en combinación con otro tipo de ejercicios de fuerza, aeróbicos,  de equilibrio o de flexibilidad. La diversidad de protocolos empleados dificulta una comparación entre estudios.

Conclusión: El entrenamiento con plataformas vibratorias demuestra ser un método de entrenamiento de la fuerza seguro, adecuado y eficaz para la población de mayor edad, pero con resultados similares al ejercicio de resistencia convencional.


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Palabras clave


vibraciones de cuerpo completo, fuerza muscular, masa muscular, adultos mayores

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24310/riccafd.2015.v4i3.6155

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